A violin is a small musical instrument used to produce beautiful sounds in songs and musical symphonies. A violin has a similar shape to a guitar but is much smaller, however a violin is played using a stick (Bow) rather than your fingers. All new music students should develop an understanding of their musical instruments; understanding the anatomy of an instrument will assist the learner in improving their ability to play the instrument well.
Anatomy of Violins:
- Spruce top, the soundboard of the violin
- Maple ribs
- Two end blocks
- Chinrest (this is optional)
The shape of the violin is just like the guitar, the hourglass shape. The material with which violins are made can be wooden and the strings are made of iron or synthetic steel.
Strings of a Violin
The way a violin produces music is through the action of the bow on the strings. All violin strings look the same on the outside but all are different in shape, size, and dimension. The number of total strings on a violin varies according to the size of the violin. There can be four, five, or eight strings on a violin. However, basic and common violins come with four strings. These Four strings are given separate names by music experts. They are:
This is the lowest string on the violin that produces the lower pitched music. When you pick a violin with the head pointing towards the chin, it will be on the leftmost side of the violin. It is usually pressed with the index finger to produce music.
Sting A is next to string E, the second left string on your violin. It produces a sound that is a little bit higher in pitch than Sting E. Usually, it is pressed with the middle finger of the hand to produce music..
String D is the third left string of your violin and next to String A. This string is usually pressed by the ring finger to produce music.
Last but not least, the fourth basic string of the violin is String G. String G also produces a flat sound.
String C is the fifth string. It is optional and cannot be found on basic violins. This string is used only by professional violin players.
Also read: 5 Things to Know Before Learning the Violin
Things to Remember:
Your sitting position, finger placement, and violin position are the most important three things in becoming a good violinist.
Also read: Learn violin in simple steps